how did native people shape the course of spanish conquest


How were the lives of Native Americans changed as a result of the Spanish conquest?

Their intrusion resulted in changing tribal customs and religious traditions. Tribal alliances were shifted and new rivalries were developed. Indians lost their land, their families, and their lives. … Indians were punished when they followed their own religious beliefs so tribal ceremonies were held in secrecy.

How did the Native Americans view the Spanish conquest?

The Natives came to believe that the Spanish “had not their Mission from Heaven” because the Spanish so cruelly treated the Indians. The Indians saw them as evil.

Which is the reason why the Spanish conquered the native peoples?

Spanish Conquistadors: Motives

The first and primary reason was wealth and power. They did not care too much for the people who were poor and those who gained the most fame were not what one would consider missionaries. Cortes conquered the Aztecs and in doing so secured himself a fortune.

How did Native Americans react to Spanish efforts to establish colonies?

At first, many Native Americans were not disturbed by the new settlers. They viewed it as an opportunity for trade and allies. But as soon as the Spanish began to threaten their land and their people, there was a lot of understandable resistance as well as many rebellions against the Spanish such as Pope’s Rebellion.

What was the impact of conquest?

The impact that conquest had on the Europeans was to be able to develop more wealth, discover new areas to colonize and control, and to be able to develop the idea of enslaving indigenous people for their benefit.

How did the Spanish treat the peoples of the Americas they conquered?

How did the Spanish treat the peoples they conquered? Badly, forced them into “encomienda” made natives farm, ranch, or mine for Spanish landlords. What was unique about the Spanish colonization of the lands of New Mexico? What was the long-term consequence of abolishing encomienda?

Why were the Spanish able to conquer the Aztecs and Incas?

The Spanish were able to defeat the Aztec and the Inca not only because they had horses, dogs, guns, and swords, but also because they brought with them germs that made many native Americans sick. Diseases like smallpox and measles were unknown among the natives; therefore, they had no immunity to them.

In what ways did the Spanish form of colonization shape North American history?

The Spanish form of colonization altered North America politically and demographically. The Spanish forced Native Americans to convert to Catholicism and work on their missions or in gold and silver mines. Millions of Native Americans died to Spanish violence or Spanish diseases.

What impact did the Spanish conquest have on indigenous arts in the Americas?

Many aspects of Inca culture were systematically destroyed as cities and towns were pillaged, resulting in the loss of vast amounts of traditional artwork, craft, and architecture.

What made Native American peoples vulnerable to conquest?

Native Americans were also vulnerable during the colonial era because they had never been exposed to European diseases, like smallpox, so they didn’t have any immunity to the disease, as some Europeans did. … Another aspect of the colonial era that made the Native Americans vulnerable was the slave trade.

How were Native Americans affected by the American Revolution?

The Revolution also had significant short-term effects on the lives of women in the new United States of America. … It also affected Native Americans by opening up western settlement and creating governments hostile to their territorial claims.

How did Mexican culture develop out of Spanish and Native American elements?

Mexican culture developed out of both Spanish and Native Americans when the Spainards and NA women intermarried and and mixed children. … The colonists were also taking over NA land to grow tobacco, and the English were rude towards the Native Americans. They demanded things like corn and labor.

How did European conquest affect the native peoples quizlet?

conquest and colonization of the americas was disastrous for the native people. the native people were overpowered by superior weapons and decimated by diseases, many native populations declined or were forced to submit to a new ruler or new religion.

How did the Spanish conquer the Incas?

On November 16, 1532, Francisco Pizarro, the Spanish explorer and conquistador, springs a trap on the Incan emperor, Atahualpa. Pizarro’s men massacre the Incans and capture Atahualpa, forcing him to convert to Christianity before eventually killing him. …

How were the Spanish able to conquer the Aztecs?

Hernan Cortes was able to conquer the Aztec Empire by scaring the natives with the 16 horses, gaining alliances with the other enemies of the Aztec, having superior and better weapons than the natives (like guns), having armor, and having steel.

How did the Spanish conquer the Aztecs?

Spanish conquistadores commanded by Hernán Cortés allied with local tribes to conquer the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán. Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city.

Which was a major impact of Spanish colonization of the Americas?

When the Spanish conquered the Americas, they brought in their own religion. Hundreds of Native Americans converted to Christianity. Churches, monasteries, shrines and parishes were built. This was one of the Spanish’s main goals in colonization, as well as giving Spain more power.

How were the Aztec and Inca empires impacted by Spanish conquistadors?

How were the Aztec and Inca empires impacted by Spanish conquistadors and European colonization? Conquistadors destroyed the empires, and then Europeans built new settlements. You just studied 5 terms!

How were the Spanish Conquistadors able to conquer the New World?

How were the Spanish conquistadors able to conquer the New World? They prayed for the Native Americans. They became friends and traded goods with the Native Americans. They used advanced weapons to take control of the Native Americans.

What impact did the Spanish conquest have on the art of Mesoamerica and South America?

What impact did the Spanish conquest have on the art of Mesoamerica and South America? Many objects were destroyed.

What was a major consequence for Spain of the conquest of the Inca empire?

Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire

Location Western South America
Result Decisive Spanish victory Inca Empire destroyed Last Inca emperor Atahualpa executed Resistance broke out but ultimately destroyed
Territorial changes Former Inca lands incorporated into the Spanish Empire

What are the focus of the arts during Spanish colonization?


For the first centuries of Spanish colonization, painting was limited to religious icons. Portraits of saints and of the Holy Family became a familiar sight in churches. Other subject matters include the passion of Christ, the Via Crucis, the crucifixion, portrayal of heaven, purgatory and hell.

What factors made the Native Americans vulnerable to conquest by the European explorers in the 16th century?

What made Native American peoples vulnerable to conquest by European adventurers? Lack of political unity. For example, Aztecs had many enemies from within their own tribes as a result of territorial competition, wealth acquisition, and the sacrifice of captives taken in war.

How did Spain structure its American empire?

In order to control its new empire, Spain created a formal system of government to rule its colonies. … Like other Europeans in the Americas, the Spanish believed they had a duty to convert Native Americans to Christianity. They set up missions, religious settlements, run by Catholic priests and friars.

How did the Native Americans get to America?

The prevailing theory proposes that people migrated from Eurasia across Beringia, a land bridge that connected Siberia to present-day Alaska during the Last Glacial Period, and then spread southward throughout the Americas over subsequent generations.

What role did Native Americans play in the Revolutionary War quizlet?

What role did Native Americans play in the Revolutionary War? … They all allied themselves with the British, who promised to protect them against American encroachment.

What were people called who were both Native American and Spanish?

Distinctions were made between criollos, those born in the Americas, and peninsulares, those born in Spain. Criollos were considered inferior to those who came from the mother country. Those persons of mixed race – Indian and Spaniard – known as mestizos, were one of the most rapidly growing groups in frontier society.

How did English treat the natives?

The English treated the Natives as inferior, believed they stood in the way of their God-given right to the land in America and tried to subject the Natives to their laws as they established their colonies.

How did the British interact with the natives?

Trade was one of the first bridges between New England colonists and local Native American populations. … The Native Americans provided skins, hides, food, knowledge, and other crucial materials and supplies, while the settlers traded beads and other types of currency (also known as “wampum”) in exchange for these goods.

How did European conquest affect native peoples?

Europeans carried a hidden enemy to the Indians: new diseases. Native peoples of America had no immunity to the diseases that European explorers and colonists brought with them. Diseases such as smallpox, influenza, measles, and even chicken pox proved deadly to American Indians.

Spanish Conquest of the Aztecs | 3 Minute History

Spanish colonization | Period 1: 1491-1607 | AP US History | Khan Academy

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