how do you say volcano in spanish


Is volcano a Spanish word?

Collocations: [an active, an inactive, a dormant, a shield, an underwater] volcano, the volcano spewed [ash], the volcano has erupted (twice), more…


Principal Translations


volcano n (mountain that expels lava or ash) volcán nm Exemplos: el televisor, un piso.

What is the plural of volcano in Spanish?

[vɒlˈkeɪnəʊ ] nounWord forms: plural volcanoes or volcanos.

What is the singular form of volcano is Spanish?

el volcán
plural el plural

What are the words related to volcano?

Volcano Terms

  • Ash. Fine particles of pulverized rock that are blown from an explosion vent. …
  • Basalt. The most common type of rock formed from the cooling of lava. …
  • Caldera. The large, basin-shaped crater at the top of a volcano. …
  • Dormant volcano. …
  • Extinct volcano. …
  • Fumerole. …
  • Lahar. …
  • Lava.

What’s the Latin word for volcano?

Latin Vulcanus

volcano (n.)

1610s, from Italian vulcano “burning mountain,” from Latin Vulcanus “Vulcan,” Roman god of fire, also “fire, flames, volcano” (see Vulcan).

What is a volcano meaning?

Definition of volcano

1 : a vent in the crust of the earth or another planet or a moon from which usually molten or hot rock and steam issue also : a hill or mountain composed wholly or in part of the ejected material. 2 : something of explosively violent potential.

Can Calderas erupt?

Depending on their intensity and duration, volcanic eruptions can create calderas as much as 100 kilometers (62 miles) wide. A caldera-causing eruption is the most devastating type of volcanic eruption.

What does a volcano contain?

Instead, volcanoes are built by the accumulation of their own eruptive products — lava, bombs (crusted over ash flows, and tephra (airborne ash and dust). A volcano is most commonly a conical hill or mountain built around a vent that connects with reservoirs of molten rock below the surface of the Earth.

What is ejected lava called?

Airborne fragments of lava, called tephra, are ejected from a single vent. The lava cools rapidly and fall as cinders that build up around the vent, forming a crater at the summit, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

What is the top of a volcano called?

Summit – Highest point; apex. Throat – Entrance of a volcano. The part of the conduit that ejects lava and volcanic ash.

What do you call a volcano before it erupts?

An erupting volcano is an active volcano that is having an eruption… A dormant volcano is an active volcano that is not erupting, but supposed to erupt again. An extinct volcano has not had an eruption for at least 10,000 years and is not expected to erupt again in a comparable time scale of the future.

Was there a word for volcano before Pompeii?

They had no word for ‘Volcano

The story of Pompeii’s demise becomes even more tragic after historians discovered the Pompeii citizens had no knowledge of what the nearby Vesuvius actually was. … The actual word ‘volcano’ wasn’t invented until the 1610s, with the word derived from “Vulcan,” the Roman God of Fire.

Where does the word volcano originally come from?

The word “volcano” comes from the little island of Vulcano (with a U) in the Mediterranean Sea off Sicily. Centuries ago, the people living in this area believed that Vulcano (with a U) was the chimney of the forge of Vulcan — the blacksmith of the Roman gods.

What is the Greek origin of the word volcano?

The word volcano is derived from the name of Vulcano, a volcanic island in the Aeolian Islands of Italy whose name in turn comes from Vulcan, the god of fire in Roman mythology.

What is volcano Class 7 short?

An opening in the earth’s crust that allows hot molten lava, ash and gases to escape from below the surface, is called a volcano.

Are volcanoes real?

These fiery peaks have belched up molten rock, hot ash, and gas since Earth formed billions of years ago. Volcanoes are Earth’s geologic architects. … Some 1,500 volcanoes are still considered potentially active around the world today; 161 of those—over 10 percent—sit within the boundaries of the United States.

What is volcano in simple words?

A volcano is a landform (usually a mountain) where molten rock erupts through the surface of the planet. In simple terms a volcano is a mountain that opens downward to a pool of molten rock (magma) below the surface of the earth. It is a hole in the Earth from which molten rock and gas erupt.

What does a lava dome volcano look like?

In volcanology, a lava dome is a circular mound-shaped protrusion resulting from the slow extrusion of viscous lava from a volcano.

Examples of lava domes.

Name of lava dome


Volcanic area


Sollipulli lava dome
Southern Volcanic Zone
Andesite to Dacite

What is a volcano crater called?

A volcanic crater is a circular depression in the ground caused by volcanic activity. … This dropped surface crater is called a caldera.

What is the center of a volcano called?

The centre of a volcano is called the central vent.

A volcano is formed when the Earth’s tectonic plates move.

Why do volcanoes smoke?

The ‘smoke’ you see billowing out of a volcano is actually a mix of mostly water vapor, carbon dioxide, and sulfur gases (and ash, during an eruption and depending on the volcano). … The yellow deposits on the rocks are sulfur crystals derived from the sulfurous gases.

What do volcanoes smell like?

It smells. Sulfur is among the easiest detectable substances, and for good reason. The sulfur smell is a good indicator of a potential eruption – and it can kill well before the lava does. …

What does Black smoke from a volcano mean?

“Black smokers” are chimneys formed from deposits of iron sulfide, which is black. “White smokers” are chimneys formed from deposits of barium, calcium, and silicon, which are white. Underwater volcanoes at spreading ridges and convergent plate boundaries produce hot springs known as hydrothermal vents.

Do volcanoes really shoot fireballs?

A volcano spectacularly shot ash 3,000 metres into the air in an eruption that shook buildings nearly 40 miles away. For a third time in a week lava-like fireballs flew out over the slopes of Mexico’s Popocatepetl volcano, the country’s second highest peak.

What are the 3 types of volcano?

There are three types of volcanoes: cinder cones (also called spatter cones), composite volcanoes (also called stratovolcanoes), and shield volcanoes. Figure 11.22 illustrates the size and shape differences amongst these volcanoes.

What are the 7 types of volcano?

What are the Different Types of Volcanoes?

  • Cinder Cone Volcanoes: These are the simplest type of volcano. …
  • Composite Volcanoes: Composite volcanoes, or stratovolcanoes make up some of the world’s most memorable mountains: Mount Rainier, Mount Fuji, and Mount Cotopaxi, for example. …
  • Shield Volcanoes: …
  • Lava Domes:

What is in the bottom of a volcano?

Crater: … A volcanic crater is typically a basin, circular in form, which can be large in radius and sometimes great in depth. In these cases, the lava vent is located at the bottom of the crater.

What is lies beneath a volcano?

Beneath a volcano, liquid magma containing dissolved gases rises through cracks in the Earth’s crust. As the magma rises, pressure decreases, allowing the gases to form bubbles.

What is the tube in the middle of a volcano called?

During an eruption, these volcanic materials move from the magma chamber toward the surface via a pipe-like passageway called a conduit. Some volcanoes have a single conduit, while others have a primary conduit with one or more additional conduits that branch off it.

What are erupted rock fragments called?


Individual eruptive fragments are called pyroclasts (“fire fragments”). Tephra (Greek, for ash) is a generic term for any airborne pyroclastic accumulation. Whereas tephra is unconsolidated, a pyroclastic rock is produced from the consolidation of pyroclastic accumulations into a coherent rock type.

Can an extinct volcano erupt?

Active volcanoes have a recent history of eruptions; they are likely to erupt again. Dormant volcanoes have not erupted for a very long time but may erupt at a future time. Extinct volcanoes are not expected to erupt in the future.

What do you mean by lava?

lava, magma (molten rock) emerging as a liquid onto Earth’s surface. … The term lava is also used for the solidified rock formed by the cooling of a molten lava flow. The temperatures of molten lava range from about 700 to 1,200 °C (1,300 to 2,200 °F).

What language lends us many words related to volcanoes?

Arabic is the most widely spoken semitic language: its word for volcano is ‘berkan’ sufficiently close to ‘vulcan’ that it may be related to it. Semitic languages are also spoken in large parts of Ethiopia.

Are Pompeii bodies real?

Pompeii now contains the bodies of more than 100 people preserved as plaster casts. … This isn’t the first impressive find made at the villa: In 2018, archaeologists unearthed the preserved remains of three horses, still saddled and harnessed as if ready to depart at a moment’s notice.

How do you say ‘volcano’ in Spanish?

Long-dormant volcano erupts on Spanish island of La Palma | DW News

Lava erupts from a volcano on La Palma in Spanish Canary Islands

Lava continues to erupt from volcano on Spanish island of La Palma

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