what are surface traits quizlet


What Are Surface Traits Quizlet?

Surface traits. aspects of personality that can easily be seen by other people in the outward actions of a person. Source traits. the more basic traits that underlie the surface traits, forming the core of the personality.

What is a surface trait?

in Cattell’s personality trait theory, a characteristic manifested as a group of interrelated observable behaviors. For example, arriving early for appointments and leaving the office only after one’s work is complete are visible manifestations of the characteristic of conscientiousness.

What are surface traits of answer choices?

– Surface traits represent behavioral tendencies that are literally superficial (they exist on the surface and can be observed).

What are some examples of surface traits?

Surface traits are considered one construct of multiple traits that go together. For example, being altruistic would be a surface trait while source traits that comprise this would be being unselfishness, not greedy, sharing, and being thoughtful.

What is the difference between surface and source traits?

In Cattell’s theory of personality, one way to classify traits is as surface traits or source traits. Surface traits are personality elements that can be directly observed, in contrast to source traits, which must be inferred through statistical methods.

What is a surface trait and source trait?

Surface traits are very obvious and can be easily identified by other people, whereas source traits are less visible to other people and appear to underlie several different aspects of behavior. Cattell regarded source traits are more important in describing personality than surface traits.

What are 3 types of traits?

Using factor analysis Hans Eysenck suggested that personality is reducible to three major traits: neuroticism, extraversion, and psychoticism.

What are traits and how do surface traits and source traits differ?

Surface traits are considered to be present on surface of personality but source trait are the personality element tat is present underneath behavior and characteristic. Surface traits are easily visible to other people as they appear easily whereas source trait are not easily visible as they underlie in personality.

What are good examples of Cattells common traits?

What are good examples of Cattell’s common traits? Intelligence, sociability and dependency. A good memory for ancient history and languages. Interests in particular artists and musicians.

Who developed 16 PF?


The 16PF (Conn & Rieke, 1994) was originally constructed in 1949 by Cattell, whose factor-analytic research suggested to him that a set of 16 traits would summarize personality characteristics. (As such, the 16PF is perhaps the only major inventory to have been developed using the factor-analytic approach.

What are different types of traits?

Personality Traits

  • Openness to experience. Individuals with openness to experience are generally very active, have a tremendous inclination towards creativity and aesthetics and listen to their heart i.e. follow their inner feelings. …
  • Conscientiousness. …
  • Extraversion and Introversion. …
  • Agreeableness. …
  • Neuroticism.

What are source traits examples?

in Cattell’s personality trait theory, any of 16 personality traits, determined by factor analysis, that underlie and determine surface traits. Examples are social boldness, dominance, and openness to change.

What are cardinal traits?

Cardinal traits are those that dominate an individual’s personality to the point that the individual becomes known for them. Don Juan, for example, was so renowned for his sexual exploits that his name became a synonym for heartbreaker and libertine.

What are the 16 source traits?

Cattell’s 16 global factors, or source traits, are (A) Warmth, (B) Reasoning, (C) Emotional stability, (E) Dominance, (F) Liveliness, (G) Rule-Consciousness, (H) Social boldness, (I) Sensitivity, (K) Sensitivity, (L) Vigilance, (M) Abstractedness, (N) Privateness, (O) Apprehension, (Q1) Openness to change, (Q2) Self- …

What is common trait?

in the personality theory of Gordon W. Allport , any of a number of enduring characteristics that describe or determine an individual’s behavior across a variety of situations and that are common to many people and similarly expressed.

What are the temperament traits?

Temperament refers to personality traits that determine how someone reacts to the world.

There are nine different traits of temperament:

  • Activity level.
  • Biological rhythms.
  • Sensitivity.
  • Intensity of reaction.
  • Adaptability.
  • Approach/withdrawal.
  • Persistence.
  • Distractibility.

What is meant by source trait?

A concept developed by Raymond Cattell, Source Traits are the building blocks or sources of human personality. All these traits form part of an individual’s personality. … When you put the source traits together, the make up the Surface Traits, which are the traits we see and think of as personality.

How are traits different from types give examples Class 12?

(ii)Traits are specific psychological characteristics, e.g., shy or timid. Types are cluster of similar traits. (ii)These do not overlap, i.e., exclusive in nature, e.g., extrovert or introvert.

What is the trait personality theory?

Personality traits reflect people’s characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Trait theory in psychology rests on the idea that people differ from one another based on the strength and intensity of basic trait dimensions. People differ from one another on behaviors related to the trait. …

What are 10 good traits?

25 Good Character Traits That Impact Your Happiness

  • Integrity. Integrity is a personal trait that has strong moral principles and core values and then conducting your life with those as your guide. …
  • Honesty. …
  • Loyalty. …
  • Respectfulness. …
  • Responsibility. …
  • Humility. …
  • Compassion. …
  • Fairness.

How are traits different from types give examples?

Traits are relatively stable, persistent and characteristic patterns of behaviour which makes the individual different from others. … (ii) Traits are specific psychological characteristics, e.g., shy or timid. Types are cluster of similar traits. (i) These are broad categories.

What is a primary trait?

Primary Traits: Essential or central components of the discipline • Components of an assignment are recognized as primary traits to be learned by the student. • Professor constructs rubrics representing level of achievement for each primary trait.

Who came up with neuroticism?

German psychologist Hans Eysenck popularized the term neuroticism in the 1950s by including it as a key scale in his popular personality inventory.

What do you mean by stress resistant personality What are their characteristics?

Studies by Kobasa have shown that people with high levels of stress but low levels of illness are labelled as stress-resistant personality. … Stress-resistant personalities have commitment to work, family, hobbies and social life. Control: • An individual should have a sense of control over his life.

What are the four types of personality based on physique?

He delineated four main types of physique: pyknic, athletic, leptosome, and dysplastic.

What is trait describe Cattell’s trait theory?

an approach to personality description based on the identification of traits through factor analysis and their classification into surface traits and the 16 source traits that underlie them. [

Why Gordon Allport traits so important?

Allport is best known for the concept that, although adult motives develop from infantile drives, they become independent of them. Allport called this concept functional autonomy. His approach favoured emphasis on the problems of the adult personality rather than on those of infantile emotions and experiences.

What is Allport’s trait theory?

the theory that an individual’s personality traits or personal dispositions are key to understanding the uniqueness and consistency of his or her behavior.

Who developed MMPI?

Starke R. Hathaway

What is trait in personality?

A trait can be thought of as a relatively stable characteristic that causes individuals to behave in certain ways. The trait approach to personality is one of the major theoretical areas in the study of personality. The trait theory suggests that individual personalities are composed of these broad dispositions.

Who gave 16PF questionnaire to assess?

Raymond Cattell

Raymond Cattell developed one of the first objective measures of normal personality, the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire. For more than 65 years, HR professionals have been using the powerful 16pf® Questionnaire to understand the enduring personality characteristics of individuals.

What is an example of a trait in science?

Traits are characteristics or attributes of an organism that are expressed by genes and/or influenced by the environment. Traits include physical attributes of an organism such as hair color, leaf shape, size, etc., and behavioral characteristics, such as bird nesting.

What are traits shaped by the environment?

Explanation: Environmental factors influence traits in plants and animals. These traits include things like weight, height, size, and color. If a child does not get proper nutrition, their height may be stunted as an adult.

What is not one of the Big Five traits?

intelligence. Intelligence is not a trait in the five-factor model, but neuroticism, extroversion, and agreeableness are…

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