what is a convection current


What is a convection current simple definition?

Definition of convection current

1a : a stream of fluid propelled by thermal convection. b : thermally produced vertical air flow. 2 : a surface charge of electricity on a moving body — compare convection sense 3c.

What is a convection current in science?

Convection currents are flowing fluid that is moving because there is a temperature or density difference within the material. … A temperature difference leads to an energy transfer from an area of higher energy to one of lower energy. Convection is a heat transfer process.

What is a convection current Kid definition?

Convection is a way in which heat travels. It occurs when heat is transferred by the movement of liquids or gases. … This cycle is called the convection current. Forced convection is when fluids or gases are moved by outside forces, not by a change in temperature.

What best describes a convection current?

Which best describes the convection currents? Convection currents move thermal energy from the stove to the pot, and then from the pot to the water. … Convection currents in the water cause warmer, denser water to rise and transfer energy upward.

What is convection short answer?

Definition of convection

1 : the action or process of conveying. 2a : movement in a gas or liquid in which the warmer parts move up and the cooler parts move down convection currents.

What is convection explain?

convection, process by which heat is transferred by movement of a heated fluid such as air or water. … Forced convection involves the transport of fluid by methods other than that resulting from variation of density with temperature. Movement of air by a fan or of water by a pump are examples of forced convection.

What creates a convection current?

Convection currents are the result of differential heating. Lighter (less dense), warm material rises while heavier (more dense) cool material sinks. It is this movement that creates circulation patterns known as convection currents in the atmosphere, in water, and in the mantle of Earth.

What is the convection current and why it exists?

Convention Currents

In Convection, it happens because of the heat transfer due to the bulk movement of molecules within fluids. In this article, we will talk more about convection currents. Convection is such a process of heat transfer that takes place only in the cases of liquids and gases.

What is convection and conduction current?

An example of a convection current is a cloud bearing free electrons that moves through the atmosphere driven by wind. … Conduction current consists of charged particles moving in response to the electric field and not merely being carried by motion of the surrounding material.

What is conduction kid definition?

Conduction is when heat moves from one object to another object through direct touch. For instance, one piece of metal could conduct heat from another piece of metal if the two are touching.

What is convection and examples?

Everyday Examples of Convection

boiling water – When water boils, the heat passes from the burner into the pot, heating the water at the bottom. This hot water rises and cooler water moves down to replace it, causing a circular motion. … ice melting – Ice melts because heat moves to the ice from the air.

What is conduction in simple words?

Definition of conduction

1 : the act of conducting or conveying. 2a : transmission through or by means of a conductor also : the transfer of heat through matter by communication of kinetic energy from particle to particle with no net displacement of the particles — compare convection, radiation.

What is a convection current example?

Convection currents are present in the air– A good example of convection current is the warm air that rises towards the ceiling in your house. The process happens as the warm air is said to be less dense than that of the colder air. Another good example of convection current is wind.

When did Xavier place his hands?

When Xavier places his hands near a light bulb, he notices that certain areas around the light bulb are warmer than others. Which best explains this? not The area directly above the light bulb is warmest because of conduction. A student places a large pot of cold water on a stove and heats it for one minute.

How does a convection current work?

Convection currents form because a heated fluid expands, becoming less dense. … As it rises, it pulls cooler fluid down to replace it. This fluid in turn is heated, rises and pulls down more cool fluid. This cycle establishes a circular current that stops only when heat is evenly distributed throughout the fluid.

What is meant by convection currents in air?

Convection is the circular motion that happens when warmer air or liquid — which has faster moving molecules, making it less dense — rises, while the cooler air or liquid drops down. … Convection currents within the earth move layers of magma, and convection in the ocean creates currents.

What is convection class 7th?

Convection: The process of heat transfer from one part of a fluid to another part by the actual movement of the particles of the fluid is called convection. Liquid and gases are heated by the process of convection. … For example, the heat from the sun reaches the earth through radiation mode.

Why is convection current important?

Convections currents in the earth’s mantle are thought to be the driving force of plate tectonics. Where the hot magma is brought near the surface by the convection currents a divergent boundary is created. The divergent boundaries form new oceans and widen existing oceans.

Where does convection occur?


Convection currents in the Earth occur in the mantle. The core of the Earth is extremely hot, and material in the mantle close to the core is heated…

What are the three main sources of convection?

Types of Convection

  • Natural convection.
  • Forced convection.

How are convection current set up in air?

When sun rays hit the land the land gets heated up. Then the air nearest to the land gets heated up too and it becomes lighter and rises up. The air from higher altitude which is cooler and thus heavier sinks down to fill the space left by warm air. This cycle repeats and convection currents are set up.

What sets the convection current in water?

Answer: convection currents are the result of differential heating. Lighter warm material rises while heavier cool materials sinks. It is the movement which creates circular patterns known as convection currents in water.

What is convection current in tectonic plates?

Convection currents describe the rising, spread, and sinking of gas, liquid, or molten material caused by the application of heat. … Tremendous heat and pressure within the earth cause the hot magma to flow in convection currents. These currents cause the movement of the tectonic plates that make up the earth’s crust.

What is meant by conduction current?

Definition of conduction current

: a movement of electricity in an electric conductor — compare displacement current.

What do u mean by conduction current?

Conduction current is the electric current which exists in a conductor when the electrons flow in the conductor at a uniform rate. So, it is the current in a conductor when the electric field remains constant with respect to time.

Is electricity a convection?

Any net transport of electric charge effected through mass motions of some charged medium; any electric current induced by other than electrical forces. In atmospheric electricity, the convection current is part of the air–earth current of charge transfer vertically between the earth’s surface and the upper atmosphere.

How do you explain heat to a child?

When energy is consumed or utilised, heat is produced. The faster an object’s molecules move, the hotter it is. Heat is transferred from one thing to another until they are at the same temperature.

What is a heat?

Heat is the form of energy that is transferred between systems or objects with different temperatures (flowing from the high-temperature system to the low-temperature system). Also referred to as heat energy or thermal energy. Heat is typically measured in Btu, calories or joules.

What is the temperature in science?

Temperature is the measure of hotness or coldness expressed in terms of any of several scales, including Fahrenheit and Celsius. Temperature indicates the direction in which heat energy will spontaneously flow—i.e., from a hotter body (one at a higher temperature) to a colder body (one at a lower temperature).

What are the 10 examples of convection?

In this article, we are going to discuss the real-life examples of convection which are quite interesting.

  • Breeze. The formation of sea and land breeze form the classic examples of convection. …
  • Boiling Water. …
  • Blood Circulation in Warm-Blooded Mammals. …
  • Air-Conditioner. …
  • Radiator. …
  • Refrigerator. …
  • Hot Air Popper. …
  • Hot Air Balloon.

Is Hot Air Balloon convection?

This transfer of heat energy away from the ground by the vertical movement of air is called “free convection” or “natural convection.” … A hot air balloon rises because warmer air is less dense than cool air. Since the balloon is less dense than the air around it, it becomes positively buoyant.

What are 5 examples of radiation?

Radiation Examples

  • ultraviolet light from the sun.
  • heat from a stove burner.
  • visible light from a candle.
  • x-rays from an x-ray machine.
  • alpha particles emitted from the radioactive decay of uranium.
  • sound waves from your stereo.
  • microwaves from a microwave oven.
  • electromagnetic radiation from your cell phone.

What kind of heat transfer happens when the sun is heating your body?

Waves from the sun which we cannot see are infrared, which have lower frequencies than red, and ultraviolet, which have higher frequencies than violet light. [more on electromagnetic radiation] It is infrared radiation that produce the warm feeling on our bodies.

Why does metal conduct heat for kids?

The electrons in metal are delocalised electrons and are free moving electrons so when they gain energy (heat) they vibrate more quickly and can move around, this means that they can pass on the energy more quickly.

YouTube’s best convection currents video! Science demonstration for your students

What Are Convection Currents? – Mr. Wizard’s Supermarket Science

convection currents Planet Earth

Convection Currents And It’s Examples

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