when people speak of the rain shadow of the california coast range, they are referring to the


When People Speak Of The “rain Shadow” Of The California Coast Range, They Are Referring To The?

When people speak of the “rain shadow” of the California Coast Range they are referring to.. the scarcity of rain on the eastern flank of the range compared with the western flank.

Why are many of the world’s deserts located at latitudes between 30 N and 30 S quizlet?

the hydrogen bonding in water gives it a high specific heat. Why are many of the world’s deserts located at latitudes between 30°N and 30°S? Dry air, originating at the equator, descends toward Earth’s surface between 30°N latitude and 30°S latitude.

Why are many of the world’s deserts located at latitudes of between 30 north and 30 south?

Most of the world’s deserts are located near 30 degrees north latitude and 30 degrees south latitude, where the heated equatorial air begins to descend. The descending air is dense and begins to warm again, evaporating large amounts of water from the land surface. The resulting climate is very dry.

Which ocean zone describes the interface between ocean and land?

Which ocean zone describes the interface between ocean and land? Intertidal.

Which statement is correct about biomes?

True – Biomes are defined by their climate and life forms. True – Grasslands receive less precipitation than other biomes. True – Deserts can be cold.

Why do deserts form at 30 north and south of the equator?

With warm air rising above the equator and the cooled air falling to the north and south, two circular patterns of air movement are created around the equator. … At 30 to 50 degrees north and south of the equator, this falling air makes dry air drier. It also turns the land below it into a desert.

Why do many deserts exist at 30 north and south latitudes quizlet?

Why do many deserts exist at 30 degrees North and South latitudes? … c) Most mountain ranges are located at 30 degrees N/S latitude, which is where dry air masses descend creating deserts.

Why are deserts located where they are in terms of latitude?

Desert formation in these particular latitudes is primarily due to complex global air-circulation patterns caused by the rotation of the earth on its axis (earth moves at great speed near the equator and slowly near the poles), the seasonal tilting of the earth in relation to the sun, and other factors.

What caused deserts?

Deserts are formed by weathering processes as large variations in temperature between day and night put strains on the rocks, which consequently break in pieces. … Rocks are smoothed down, and the wind sorts sand into uniform deposits. The grains end up as level sheets of sand or are piled high in billowing sand dunes.

Where do deserts occur in the world?

Geographically speaking, most deserts are found on the western sides of continents or—in the case of the Sahara, Arabian, and Gobi deserts and the smaller deserts of Asia—are located far from the coast in the Eurasian interior. They tend to occur under the eastern sides of major subtropical high-pressure cells.

Which zone receives light from the sun?

The top zone is the euphotic or sunlit zone. This is the ocean zone that sunlight penetrates. Because this zone gets sunlight, photosynthesis can occur and plants can grow here. The sunlit zone goes down to about 660 feet.

In which zone of the marine ecosystem photosynthetic activity is less?

From the surface to the bottom or the limit to which photosynthesis occurs is the photic zone (approximately 200 m or 650 ft). At depths greater than 200 m, light cannot penetrate; thus, this is referred to as the aphotic zone. The majority of the ocean is aphotic and lacks sufficient light for photosynthesis.

What characteristic belongs to the chaparral biome?

Chaparral, or Mediterranean Forests, and shrub is a temperate biome, characterized by hot-dry summers and mild and rainy winters. Nearly all of the rainfall occurs in the winter and spring rainy season.

Which of the following statement are correct about tundra biome?

Notes: Tundra Biomes are Devoid of trees except for stunted shrubs in the southern part of tundra biome, ground flora includes lichen, mosses, and sedges. The typical animals are reindeer, arctic fox, polar bear, snowy owl, etc.

What is a biome in geography?

A biome is an area classified according to the species that live in that location. Temperature range, soil type, and the amount of light and water are unique to a particular place and form the niches for specific species allowing scientists to define the biome.

What is a biome quizlet?

biome. a large region characterized by a specific type of climate and certain types of plants and animal communities. climate. weather conditions, such as temperature, precipitation, humidity, and winds, in an area over a long period of time. You just studied 10 terms!

Why does the Sahara get no rain?

Hot, moist air rises into the atmosphere near the Equator. … As it approaches the tropics, the air descends and warms up again. The descending air hinders the formation of clouds, so very little rain falls on the land below. The world’s largest hot desert, the Sahara, is a subtropical desert in northern Africa.

Why has Thar developed the desert?

The Thar Desert lies in leeward side of the Aravalli Mountains and thus gets scanty rainfall. Secondly, the desert lie in the belt of trade winds which blow from northeast in the Northern Hemisphere and south east in the Southern Hemisphere. Thus, these winds blow from east to west. … Thus, Thar is a desert.

What creates either the wet and dry seasons in the tropics?

Therefore, the ITCZ is responsible for the wet and dry seasons in the tropics. The sun crosses the equator twice a year in March and September, and consequently makes for two wet seasons each year. In December and July, when the sun is at its greatest extent north (or south) of the equator makes for two dry seasons.

Why are many of the world’s deserts found at 23 30 degrees latitude quizlet?

Why are many of the world’s deserts found at 23 to 30 degrees latitude? Descending air masses warm as they go, absorbing more water vapor. Which of the following regions in the ocean is sunlight able to penetrate? … These are all factors that contribute to high productivity in coastal waters.

What statement about rain shadows is accurate?

What statement about rain shadows is accurate? In the western United States, you would expect the rain shadow effect to produce heavier rainfall on the western-facing slopes of mountains than on the eastern-facing slopes. Which of the following terrestrial biomes are maintained by fires?

At what latitudes are most major deserts of the world located quizlet?

The majority of the world’s deserts are found between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.

Where is a rain shadow?

A rain shadow is a dry area on the side of a mountain opposite to the wind. We call this dry side of the mountain the leeward side. If wind is approaching from the west, the rain shadow is on the east. If the wind is approaching from the east, the rain shadow is on the west.

Where are coastal deserts usually found?

Coastal deserts generally are found on the western edges of continents near the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. They are affected by cold ocean currents that parallel the coast. Because local wind systems dominate the trade winds, these deserts are less stable than other deserts.

How are rain shadow deserts formed?

Rain shadow deserts are created when mountain ranges lie parallel to moist, coastal areas. Prevailing winds moving inland cool as air is forced to rise over the mountains. Moisture falls on slopes facing the winds. … Without another source of moisture, rain shadow deserts are formed on the far side of these mountains.

Why is Florida not a desert?

In case the lesson isn’t clear, Seeber continues: “If Florida weren’t a peninsula, this place would be a desert.” … Surrounded by ocean moisture, Florida is an oasis sitting right in the middle of the desert belt, which traverses the subtropical latitudes north and south of the equator.

What desert is cold?

Cold deserts are found in the Antarctic, Greenland, Iran, Turkestan, Northern and Western China. They are also known as polar deserts. These deserts are generally found in certain mountainous areas. Some famous cold deserts are: – Atacama, Gobi, Great Basin, Namib, Iranian, Takla Makan, and Turkestan.

Why do deserts have sand?

This sand was washed in by rivers or streams in distant, less arid times – often before the area became a desert. Once a region becomes arid, there’s no vegetation or water to hold the soil down. Then the wind takes over and blows away the finer particles of clay and dried organic matter. What’s left is desert sand.

Did deserts used to be oceans?

New research describes the ancient Trans-Saharan Seaway of Africa that existed 50 to 100 million years ago in the region of the current Sahara Desert. … The region now holding the Sahara Desert was once underwater, in striking contrast to the present-day arid environment.

What is a desert for kids?

A desert is a dry place that receives little or almost no rainfall. The temperature of the desert can be hot or cold. A lot of times the rocks in the deserts are unusually shaped by the high speed winds that carries sand along with it.

What happens when it rains desert?

It fills the entire desert with an explosion of color by the flowers coming to their full bloom which is eagerly waiting for the rain, leaving the place as heaven on the earth. …

What are the 3 main zones of the ocean?

There are three main ocean zones based on distance from shore. They are the intertidal zone , neritic zone , and oceanic zone . Distance from shore and depth of water define ocean zones.

Which zone is the deepest part of the ocean?

hadalpelagic zone

The deepest zone of the ocean, the hadalpelagic zone extends from 19,700 feet (6,000 meters) to the very bottom at 36,070 feet (10,994 meters) in the Mariana Trench off the coast of Japan.

What are the 7 ocean zones?

The sunlight zone, the twilight zone, the midnight zone, the abyss and the trenches.

  • Sunlight Zone. This zone extends from the surface down to about 700 feet. …
  • Twilight Zone. This zone extends from 700 feet down to about 3,280 feet. …
  • The Midnight Zone. …
  • The Abyssal Zone. …
  • The Trenches.

IB ESS Ecosystems, Ecology 2 Part VII

Snow Level Forecasting


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